Higher Education in Mongolia
Mongolia boasts 178 college and university campuses in 2003, only 48 of which were public. Mongolian public schools are reputably better than its private schools, attracting 98,031 public students enrolled in higher education programs versus only 31,197 in private enrollment.
Mongolia’s long, rich history and cultural diversity provide an ideal environment to study international relations as they’ve evolved over time. The nation’s natural resources provide an excellent backdrop for engineering studies specializing in minerals, coal, and petroleum while local geography brings unique experiences to students of geology.
Over the course of time, Mongolia has been ruled by invaders from many lands, including China and Russia, each one introducing a new language. This multilingual history is evident today in the many languages spoken, a situation students of language will find rewarding.
Tibetan Buddhism is a way of life for 53% of all Mongolians over the age of 15, making this an ideal location for in-depth study of the religion and other Asian philosophies.
The National University of Mongolia (NUM) and the Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST) lead the way to higher education in Mongolia. Both schools have main campuses in Ulaanbaatar with branches in other parts of the country.
One third of Mongolia’s college graduates graduated from NUM, the older of the two main universities, founded in 1942. In 2006, approximately 12,000 students were enrolled, including 2,000 graduate students. Since 1995, NUM has offered 80 degree programs at the bachelor, master, and doctorate levels, with most courses taught in the Mongolian language. Students enjoy cooperative study agreements between NUM and 129 academic / research facilities around the world.
The remaining two thirds of Mongolia’s graduates attended MUST, founded in 1959. This school enjoys cooperative study agreements with 100 research and academic centers throughout the world. MUST ranked #7 in 2002 for the list of Asia’s top universities for science and technology. The school offers 3,500 courses in 134 degree programs at the bachelor and master levels. Each of the school’s two semesters per year consist of 16 weeks of teaching followed by 1.5 weeks of examination.
Mongolia’s graduates excel in jobs in the mining, coal, and petroleum industries as well as the nation’s burgeoning high technology movement. It’s location between two of the world’s superpowers make international studies a highly desirable career path, too.
To enroll as an international student in Mongolia, all documentation must be processed three months before school starts. Required documentation includes an application, a medical form complete with results of an HIV/AIDS test, passport allowing three years of study, a diploma, and three photos.